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汉语语音意识研究:以粤方言为例

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Research on Chinese Phonetic Awareness: Taking Cantonese Dialect as an Example

摘要: 本研究通过语音意识测试探究汉语成人探测、操纵不同语音单位的能力,并讨论汉语人群押韵与基本的语音感知单位和汉语拼音知识对汉语人群建立语音意识的影响。实验以肇庆端州粤方言考察当地有/无拼音能力的两组成人被试(每组15人)在七项语音意识测试(音节意识,韵母探测,声调探测,声母探测,韵母替代、声调替代及声母删除)中的表现。测试结果显示:两组被试音节意识均完备;拼音组能熟练探测、操纵声韵调单位,非拼音组难以单独操纵声韵调,但有一定的探测能力,其中探测韵母最佳,声调次之,声母最差;产生给定刺激的押韵音节不需要从音节中提取韵母的能力;拼音组可在声-韵母边界切开音节,非拼音组不能;拼音习得会改变汉语人群的语音基本感知模式。

Abstract: This study explores the ability of Chinese adults to detect and manipulate different speech units through speech awareness testing, and discusses the impact of rhyming and basic speech perception units in Chinese populations, as well as the knowledge of Chinese pinyin, on the establishment of speech awareness in Chinese populations. The experiment examined the performance of two groups of adult participants (each consisting of 15 people) with/without Pinyin ability in the local dialect of Duanzhou, Zhaoqing, in seven phonological awareness tests (syllable awareness, vowel detection, tone detection, initial detection, vowel substitution, tone substitution, and initial deletion). The test results showed that both groups of participants had complete syllable awareness; The Pinyin group is proficient in detecting and manipulating tonal units, while non Pinyin groups find it difficult to operate longitudinal tones alone, but have a certain level of detection ability. Among them, detecting vowels is the best, followed by tones, and vowels are the worst; The ability to generate rhyming syllables with a given stimulus without the need to extract vowels from the syllables; Pinyin groups can cut syllables at the sound vowel boundary, while non pinyin groups cannot; The acquisition of Pinyin will change the basic perception mode of Chinese phonetics.

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[V1] 2023-04-28 09:37:26 ChinaXiv:202304.01051V1 下载全文
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