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利用视觉情境范式揭示口语加工的时间进程

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Visual world paradigm reveals the time course of spoken language processing

摘要: 视觉情境范式是一种通过追踪、测量人眼在视觉物体上的注视轨迹来研究实时口语加工的眼动实验范式。该范式运用于语言理解类研究的理论基础是眼动连接假设(如:协同互动理论、基于目标的连接假设理论等),这些连接假设在眼动轨迹与口语加工进程之间建立起了有意义的关联。使用视觉情境范式所获取的数据能够为口语加工提供精确的时间信息,常用的数据分析方法包括:时间兴趣区内注视比例均值分析、分叉点分析、生长曲线分析等。该范式为研究词汇语音识别、句法解歧、语义理解、语篇语用信息加工等问题提供了关键性证据。

Abstract: The visual world paradigm (VWP) assesses real-time language processing by tracking and measuring eye movements in visual contexts. Linking hypotheses, such as the coordinated interplay account and the goal-based linking hypothesis, establish the link between eye movements and the cognitive processes of language comprehension. Time sensitivity is characteristic of the data generated by this paradigm. Analytical methods include the analysis of fixation proportions within time windows, divergence point analysis and growth-curve analysis, etc. Studies using the VWP provide important evidence for speech and lexical recognition, syntactic parsing, semantic integration, and the processing of discourse and pragmatic information.

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[V1] 2023-07-12 12:32:53 ChinaXiv:202307.00107V1 下载全文
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