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音节的本质和元辅音性质新说

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The Essence of syllables and A new explanation of the nature of vowels and consonants as syllables

摘要: 人们长期把音节作为一级语音单位,却不知是个假象;元音和辅音一直是语音学最坚实的单位,却不知实际是字母的冒名假借;而因之形成元辅音构成音节的历史错案也无人洞察。文章分析了音节没有语言学地位的原因,叙述了元音和辅音身世不明的困惑,并从历时角度剖析音节与字母的形成渊源,以及从实验探索言语产生的单元形式,从共时角度揭示出发音时间结构对音节本质的规定。在此基础上,本文以颠覆式的思路再定义音节,重塑元辅音的真实地位和价值。文章最后提出,词的音节序列是在久远的历史演化中逐步形成的,呈现为复杂的词音节结构和有限的纯音节形式,据此可提出一套最简音节分析方案和依据历史演变过程的切分原则。

Abstract: The syllable has long been regarded as a one-order phonetic unit without being known as an illusion; vowels and consonants have been the most solid units of phonetics without being known as impostors of letters; and the historical misconception that vowels and consonants make up syllables has gone unrecognized. The article analyzes the reasons why syllables have no linguistic status, describes the confusion over the unknown origin of vowels and consonants, analyzes the relationship between syllables and letters from a chronological perspective, and experimentally explores the unitary form of speech production, and reveals that the temporal structure of articulation prescribes the nature of syllables from a co-temporal perspective. Based on this, the paper redefines syllables in a subversive way, and reshapes the true status and value of vowels and consonants. The article concludes by suggesting that syllables evolved in a long history and eventually produced complex word syllable structures and limited pure syllable forms through shedding, whereby a set of minimal syllable analysis schemes and syncopation principles can be proposed.

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[V1] 2023-07-18 15:32:33 ChinaXiv:202307.00180V1 下载全文
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