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吴方言昆山方言点、苏州方言点和上海方言点的音类对比研究

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The comparison research on phonology of Kunshan, Suzhou and Shanghai dialect

摘要: 建国以来,上海、苏州两地的方言调查和研究较为全面。然而昆山作为夹在两大城市中间的城市,方言研究基本还处在起步阶段。有的人将昆山方言简单理解为上海和苏州话的过渡体。本文先分别比较三地吴语方言的音位差异,再根据中古汉语音系框架下的声韵拼合关系,对比差异,得出昆山方言的特点和演变规律。昆方言音位和苏州有严格的对应关系,几乎一样;语音上,受到上海影响,比较新;但是某些音变比上海更超前,不能简单概括为上海方言的保守形式。譬如遇摄、果摄部分字在非帮系声母后合口韵韵母音值为 əʊ ,对应上海的 u 。究竟是帮系合口圆唇化 əʊ 为 u ,还是 u 裂化为 əʊ 、 ɤʊ 等,关系到昆、沪两地语音谁新谁旧的问题。

Abstract: Linguists have paid more attention on Researches and investigations of Shanghai(SH)and Soochow (SC) dialects since P.R.C was established. Some remark Khuense (KS) dialectas a half-Soochow, half-Shanghai accent so that they are not going to have an in-depth understanding of it. In order to have some conclusion about KS phonetic distinctions and phonology revolution rules, the author did comparative research on modern phonologies of SC, KS and SH; also, further analysis on their onsets and rhymes based on Traditional Chinese rhyme system. It is true that KS phonetics has been highly influenced and changed by SHs; However, there are accurately systemic correspondences between KS and SCs phonemes. People cannot simply conclude that KS is a younger sibling or kid of SH.For instance, rhymes of many Yu She(遇摄)and Guo She(果摄) syllables are əʊ in KS, but u in SH.It is not easy to distinguish 2 phonological changes: əʊ > u ,a labialization of rhyme caused by Bang Xi(帮系)onsets and mediate u ; and u > əʊ , a phonetic split happened frequently in Wu Chinese. The question is critical because there are many causal-effect relationships depending on the judgment of KSidentity, an elder or younger generation to SH.

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[V2] 2023-08-19 17:01:14 ChinaXiv:202308.00204V2 下载全文
[V1] 2023-08-17 15:33:33 ChinaXiv:202308.00204v1 查看此版本 下载全文
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