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1. chinaXiv:201906.00037 [pdf]


Yinghao Li
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

This paper presents an electropalatographic (EPG) and acoustic study of prosodic boundaries effect on the domain-initial segments in Standard Chinese.1 Two speech sounds, namely, the voiceless unaspirated alveolar stop /t/ and the high front vowel /i/, were studied to examine the domain-initial strengthening in both spatial and temporal dimensions. The articulatory and acoustic parameters of the speech sounds were compared in initial positions of five prosodic constituents in Standard Chinese, namely, a Syllable, a Foot, an Immediate Phrase, an Intonational Phrase, and an Utterance. The results show that: (1) the production of the domain-initial consonantal gesture was prosodically encoded. The linguopalatal contact and the seal duration varied as a function of the prosodic boundary strength. The linguopalatal contact was dependent on the seal duration in a nonlinear fashion. Of the acoustic properties of the domain-initial stop, the total voiceless interval and voicing during closure were found to be reliable acoustic correlates that mark the hierarchical structure of the prosody. (2) At the release moment of the domain-initial stop, no consistent pattern was found to support the domain-initial strengthening. The linguopalatal contact of the vowel immediately following the domain-initial consonant did not show a clear trend of domain-initial strengthening; however, the phonatory features of vowels were indicative of pitch reset at major prosodic boundaries. These indicate that the domain-initial strengthening is restricted on the segment immediately following the boundary. In conclusion Standard Chinese strengthens the phonetic features of the domain-initial segments as a function of boundary strength, which serves as an important way to mark prosodic structure in Standard Chinese.

submitted time 2019-06-20 Hits52382Downloads10625 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201906.00035 [pdf]

Vocal Attack Time of different pitch levels and vowels in Mandarin

Ruifeng Zhang,; t R.J. Baken; Jiangping Kong
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

The purpose of this study was to investigate how vocal attack time (VAT) varies when young adults articulate the three vertex vowels in Mandarin Chinese at five linguistically unconstrained pitch levels. Sound pressure (SP) and electroglottographic (EGG) signals were recorded simultaneously from fifty-three male and fifty-three female subjects saying sustained /A/, /i/ and /u/ at five equally spaced pitch heights, each being higher than the preceding one. Then analyses of means, variance and correlation were performed to explore the relationships of VAT/pitch levels and VAT/vowels. Findings were: As mean STs (semitone) increase linearly from levels one to five, mean VATs decrease nonlinearly in a big group of subjects but increase nonlinearly in a small group of them. Based on the body-cover model of F0 control, data here lead to the guess that different people incline to use different strategies in increasing pitch height. When males, females and males plus females are considered as a whole, average STs and VATs tend to be positively correlated among the three vertex vowels.

submitted time 2019-06-20 Hits46145Downloads2533 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201906.00070 [pdf]


孔江平; 李永宏
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics


submitted time 2019-06-20 Hits43880Downloads8665 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201906.00036 [pdf]

An Electropalatographic and Acoustic Study on Anticipatory Coarticulation in V1#C2V2 Sequences in Standard Chinese

Yinghao Li; Jiangping KongP1
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

This paper presents the data on the anticipatory coarticulation of C2 and V2 on V1 in V1#C2V2 sequences in Standard Chinese. Electropalatographic measures and F2 trajectory were obtained to define the articulatory and F2 targets for V1 as well as the displacement for articulatory and F2 transition of V1. Results show that the articulatory target is affected only by C2 place, while C2 place, C2 manner, and V2 show combined effect on the articulatory and F2 displacement of V1. Lip rounding associated with V2 is found to affect the F2 target and F2 transition of V1.

submitted time 2019-06-20 Hits42791Downloads2291 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201811.00129 [pdf]


Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics


submitted time 2018-11-29 Hits39777Downloads3232 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201902.00063 [pdf]


Jiangping Kong
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

This paper is a study for an improved dynamic glottal model through high-speed imaging (HSI). As is well known, speech production comprises three parts, namely speech source, speech resonance and lip radiation. Among these three parts, speech source is the most important one because it is the basis of speech. In research on speech production, acoustical models of speech source have been well established. But the physiological speech source, that is to say, the activity of glottis is seldom researched, because the vibration of vocal folds is difficult to observe and sample. A study on glottal model was established many years ago (Kong, 2007), and in that model, the static glottis was modeled by four quarters of ellipses in three modes namely normal mode, leakage mode and open mode. The dynamic glottal control function was modeled by an approximation of multiplication of sine and exponential. The problem of the dynamic glottal model is that the control parameters can’t be well explained, though the glottis can be simulated. In this study, more high-speed images were sampled, the image processing was greatly improved and the dynamic glottal control function was modeled with parameters which were significant to speech perception.

submitted time 2019-02-27 Hits39637Downloads2760 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201906.00039 [pdf]

VAT of the lexical tones in Mandarin Chinese

Jiangping Kong; Ruifeng Zhang
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

The purpose of this research was to investigate the association of vocal attack time (VAT) and tones in speakers of Mandarin Chinese, and to explore how tones initiated at different pitch levels affected VAT. SP and EGG signals were synchronously re corded from 72 young undergraduates or postgraduates (42 females and 30 males) while they were reading aloud a wordlist of 50 disyllabic words at their most comfortable pitch, loudness and rate. VAT measures revealed three findings . (1) Vocal attack time s hows no significant difference between the common yangping and the yangping derived from shangsheng . This, from a physiological perspective, supports the argument that the tone sequence 3 3 in Mandarin is indeed converted into 2 3, nothing else. (2) The to nes of Mandarin Chinese that start from low pitch levels (35, 21) tend to present significantly different VAT values from those that start from high pitch levels (55, 51), with mean VATs of the former being much longer than those of the latter. This embodi es the nonlinear contra variant relationship between VAT and F0 at vowel onsets. (3) There are deviations or individual differences: a small number of people do not follow this pattern.

submitted time 2019-06-20 Hits39302Downloads2437 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201911.00101 [pdf]


姚尧; 陈晓湘
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics


submitted time 2019-11-28 Cooperative journals:《心理学报》 Hits38830Downloads3730 Comment 2

9. chinaXiv:201811.00127 [pdf]

A Categorical Perceptual Study on Mandarin Tones by native Dai language speakers in Dehong Autonomous Prefecture

Yao Lu
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics

This paper is intended to investigate how the Dai Dialect speaker in Dehong Autonomous Prefecture perceives Mandarin tones. Therefore identification and discrimination experiments are conducted of the four Mandarin tone continuums with Dai Language speakers. The results suggested that the Dai Language speaker’s perception mode of T1-T2 and T2-T4 continuums are Categorical Perception, but for T1-T3, T2-T3, T3-T4 and T1-T4 continuums are not. These findings indicate that Dai language tone system does have a significant influence on the perception of Mandarin tones.

submitted time 2018-11-29 Hits38173Downloads2809 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:202003.00050 [pdf]


杨婉晴; 肖容; 梁丹丹
Subjects: Psychology >> Developmental Psychology
Subjects: Linguistics and Applied Linguistics >> Linguistics and Applied Linguistics


submitted time 2020-03-10 Cooperative journals:《心理学报》 Hits37172Downloads3398 Comment 0

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